close

Museo de Historia militar en Sofia

Timeline of History of Bulgaria dates.

7.000 – 2.000 A.C. years. Some groups of homo sapiens occupy Europe entering the Balkan Peninsula, and then they lived in families.
2.000 – 1.100 A.C. years. The families form communities, their struggles and migrations were the origin of a new society: los Thracians. This group believed in the immortality of the soul and life after death, It was divided into tribes and rabajaba in the field and livestock. The heads of the Thracian tribes were buried in mounds. The Thracians were polygamous and custom when her husband died, his favorite wife and his horse were sacrificed and buried with him. The Thracian civilization, I was born Spartacus, Orpheus and Dionysus.
600 A.C. years. On the Bulgarian Black Sea coast the first Greek colonies were founded: in what are now Nessebar, Varna, Sozopol and other.
342 A.C. years. Filipo de Macedonia conquista Tracia, and it was under his rule for 50 years. It is the period when the Greek culture entered the region.
100 A.C. years. The Romans occupied the territory of Bulgaria and divided into two: Thrace and Moesia, begins a rapid construction of cities, theaters, stadiums and aqueducts. From the Roman era survive for example the Baths of Varna or Plovdiv Theatre.

Year 200 Protobúlgaras several tribes moved from Central Asia to Europe, settling in the region between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea.
Year 500 Slavic tribes arrived and absorbed the Thracian-Illyrian population. The Slavs were peaceful peasants were organized into democratic communities.
Year 632 In the capital Phanagoria the khan Kubrat united all the tribes protobúlgaras residing in the Black Sea region, Azov Sea and Caspian Sea.
Year 651 After the death of Kubrat, the country was divided among his 5 children; one of them, khan Asparoukh, New protobúlgara fixed capital Ongala, south of the mouth of the Danube.
Years 681 – 1018 First Bulgarian State. The khan Asparoukh founded in the capital Pliska. It spread over territories north and south of the Danube and was recognized by Byzantium. Fruit of the alliance between the Slavs and the proto Bulgarians, It was the first Slavic state in history.
Years 700-718 . In 718 Arab cavalry entered the Byzantine Empire and threatened Bulgaria. The Khan Tervel and overcame them renounced their intention to enter Europe through the Balkans.
Years 803-814 The khan Krum freed the Balkan Slavs repression of the Byzantine Empire. Westward it came to Budapest today to stop the advance of Charlemagne. The Bulgarian army was even besieged Constantinople, but without success.
Year 855 The illustrated Cyril invented the first Slavic Cyrillic alphabet and together with his brother Methodius and his disciples translated much of the Bible to this new alphabet.
Year 865 Prince Boris I (852-889) after many internal disputes established Christianity as the official religion. With Pope Nicholas I tried the possibility to impose Catholicism to Bulgarian, but the pope did not grant the independence of the Bulgarian Church, which itself became the Patriarch of Byzantium, which led to the Christian Orthodox religion was adopted.
893 – 927 Golden Age of Bulgaria: Simeon the Great gave the country great cultural development, political and territorial, achieving a state with access to three seas - the Aegean, the Black Sea and the Adriatic Sea. It was rammed as "Tsar of all Bulgarians and Byzantines". He moved the capital to Preslav. A disciple of the brothers Cyril and Methodius, he founded the first Slavic University.
Year 971 The Byzantine Empire conquered the capital Preslav and East Bulgaria. Years 976-1014 Zar Samuíl, He expanded the borders to the south and west, and fixed capital in Ohrid. After the defeat of Belasitsa, in 1014, Basilio II, Emperor of Byzantium, He ordered out the eyes of 15.000 Bulgarian soldiers, and legend has it that the Tsar Samuil died of shock to them.
Years 1018 – 1185 More than century of Byzantine rule.
Years 1185 – 1396 Second Bulgarian State, with its capital in Veliko Tarnovo by brothers boyars Asen and Petar.
Years 1197-1207 Tsar Kaloyan restored the power and the borders prior to the Byzantine rule. The army of the Fourth Crusade, It was defeated near Adrianople (1204).
Years 1218-1241 Second Golden Age. With Tsar Ivan Asen II the country reached a new economic boost, political and cultural, and he extended his power over all Thrace, Macedonia and Albania. His successors failed to maintain the Union State, Tatars invaded from the north and Serbs seized him Macedonia.
Years 1277 The farmer runs the 1st Ivaylo peasant uprising in Europe, managing to be King over 3 years.
Year 1393 Ottoman invasion and conquest of the capital Veliko Tarnovo.
Years 1396 – 1878 Ottoman rule. It is the hardest stage of the country's history, economic development, political and social stops. The Turkish rulers are installed with Muslim settlers in productive plains, while many locals are relegated to the mountains. Churches are destroyed, monasteries, heavy taxes are imposed, as in other areas occupied by the Ottomans called "blood tax" it is imposed, by which the Ottoman army snatched а young children of families to become senior soldiers of Turkish troops, and send and adults against their own countrymen Bulgarian, sometimes even the family itself. They organized many uprisings, but they were unsuccessful. Christianity has not disappeared thanks to the deep faith of local and isolated monasteries in the mountains as Rila, Bachkovo or Troyan. Folklore made a bridge between the Bulgarian culture of the fourteenth century and nineteenth-century romanticism. Despite the domination of the Ottoman Rulers, there was some local Bulgarian government capacity, the economy remained based on agriculture.
Years 1600-1700 The Ottoman Empire was weakened after the failed siege of Vienna and the wars against Austria and Russia. The result is that increased inflation and taxes. Products manufactured in England came easily at home, by closing the traditional textile industry, leather and iron.
Years 1700-1878 Bulgarian Revival, It was characterized by the rise of craft, of cultural life, the struggle of religious and political independence.
Year 1762 Paisiy of Jilendar published his book "History Slavic-Bulgarian", which it is the 1st Bulgarian history in modern language, its purpose was to promote national conscience and religious and political independence. In the long period of Ottoman rule Bulgarian consciousness was preserved in the language, folklore and legends. During the domination, Greek Church assumed the religious leadership and suppressed the independence of the Bulgarian Church. For that reason, the monks were champions of national liberation movement.
Years 1800-1870 Bulgarian volunteers participated in the insurrections of Serbia and Greece against the Ottomans. Bulgaria flourished in folklore and folk customs. Turkish rulers tried to integrate the local population, allowed to open the first secular schools and the first books they were printed in Bulgaria. The alliance of France and England with Turkey in the Crimean War against Russia further delayed national independence.
Year 1870 After litigating 40 years for the recovery of the independence of the Bulgarian Church , has got the Sultan authorized the creation of 15 Orthodox diocese.
Years 1860-1873 The national idol, Vasil Levski, He organized a network of revolutionary committees to prepare the people for an uprising and coordinate the struggles. He was captured and hanged accidentally 1873.
Year 1876 The "April Uprising" exploded thanks to the revolutionary network, It was suppressed with unprecedented hardness, spreading throughout Europe stories (not all true) on the atrocities perpetrated by the Ottomans: 15.000 massacred people, 58 villages razed, etc. As a result of this news Russia, which they joined Serbia and Romania, declared war on Turkey.
Years 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War . It ended with the peace of San Stefano, signed 3 March 1878, with which the Bulgarian state was restored. Russia suffered 200.000 low and stopped 50km from Istanbul. Turkey he ceded 60% of the Balkan Peninsula to Bulgaria, but Western power, fear of a powerful Russian ally in the Balkans, They rejected the treaty and led another, the Berlin, which they were spread by Bulgarian territory south of the Balkan mountains, leaving it as an autonomous province of Turkey, called Rumelia. In the capital Veliko Tarnovo the new Constitution was adopted in 1879 It is declaring the state as a parliamentary monarchy. By European powers first Prince Alexander of Battenberg elected.
Years 1879-1944 Third Bulgarian State. This stage experienced change of several governments until the regime of Boris III.
Year 1885 The principality of Bulgaria annexed the autonomous province of Rumelia.
Years 1886-1887 Prince Alexander of Battenberg was dethroned. Russia and England chose Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, with the support of Vienna, London, Rome and Russia, It focused on reunification.
Year 1908 Ferdinand declared Bulgaria's independence, annulling the nominal dependence on Turkey and proclaimed Tsar of the Bulgarians.
Year 1912 First Balkan War. Bulgaria, along with its allies Serbia, Romania and Greece, Turkey attacks, that losing the war finally agreed the sale of its European territories.
Year 1913 Second Balkan War: War Allies. Allies in the First Balkan War puedieron not reach agreement on the division of the territories ceded by Turkey and clashed among themselves and with Turkey itself again. After the defeat in Bucharest the country lost power over Macedonia, whose territory was partitioned between Serbia and Greece, and also he lost a prosperous northern region south of the Danube Bulgaria for Romania. First national catastrophe.
Years 1914-1918 Bulgaria entered the First World War, allied to Germany with the intention of recovering the lost lands in the War of the Allies, what suposo however the second national catastrophe, losing still more land. In 1918 Ferdinand abdicated in favor of his son Boris III, fleeing to Vienna 2 trains full of treasure.
Years 1918-1942 Reinado de Boris III, Last King of Bulgaria. The young king tried to settle the country after two national disasters. Under his reign, in 1920 the Agrarian Party government made several reforms to democracy was established in power but 9 June 1923 a coup put an end to this government. That same year Communists and the Agrarian Party supporters staged an uprising but were unsuccessful. In 1934 He began Boris regime that tried to take the governorship flexibly.
Years 1939-1944 Bulgaria was allied to Germany during World War II. It was the only state that refused shaft sending its Jewish population to death camps. He also sent soldiers to fight and just have German bases and supply to Germany during the war.
Year 1944 The Soviet army invaded the country supported by the Patriotic Front and the local Communist Party and thus ends the pro-Nazi regime.
Year 1946 After a referendum converts the country into a "people's republic".
Year 1947 United States and Britain recognized the Communist government and the republic. He began the nationalization of land. The Soviet model of industrialization and state cooperatives continued, operating in a planned economy in five-year.
Years 1954-1989 Todor Zhivkov served as Prime Minister and Secretary of the Communist Party. Bulgaria was one of the best allies of the USSR. In 1955 He entered the United Nations. At the end of the communist period the cultivation of small private plots was granted.
Year 1989 "Perestroika" Soviet replacing Zhivkov causes of both charges.
Since 1990 Democracy and the period of transition began to a market economy has not yet finished. The return of private land started, privatization of state assets and promoting private initiative. Governments of left and right alternated, none of which managed to finish its mandate.
Year 2004 NATO member Bulgaria is.
Year 2007 Enter the 1 January in the European Union. The European treaty signed in Lisbon 2007 Bulgaria agreed to the right to be called "evro" the euro to adapt the name to the Cyrillic alphabet.

This Timeline of History of Bulgaria is a summary of its history, if you want more information you can send an email requesting them.

Go top