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el mito de Orfeo

Orpheus with his lyre

The descent into the underworld of Orpheus and Eurícide.

Orpheus and Eurícide : Who were? … According to the myth of Orpheus, this was the best singer, poet and musician of antiquity. His father was the god tracking from the rivers: Eagro, and ruler of Hemus (central region of the current Bulgaria), and his mother, who was his teacher, It was the muse of epic poetry Calliope.

about Orfeo, the great Thracian singer, It has written extensively. Even supernatural qualities are attributed, Some ancient writers say they loved people and beasts with his music. His magical songs and loved his lyre birds and animals, forest folded its branches and rocks and mountains came alive to the rhythm of his music. According to others he could also purify people from the sins committed, cure disease and eliminate the curse. Orfeo even made shadow Apollo, the god of the Arts .

 

Orpheus charming the animals with music

 

One of the legends about Orpheus is his participation in the march of Jason and the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece. With his music the Argonauts rowers chanted as they rowed, and thanks to the music of Orpheus, Jason and the Argonauts escaped the spell of the sirens.

 

Jason and the Argonauts

Sirens tempt the Argonauts with his music, but Orfeo (in the middle), with his magical music, the mutes and saves.

 

But the myth of Orpheus would not be complete if we did not talk of Eurícide, his wife. It is said that after the wedding day, a snake biting the leg of Eurydice and the poison enters his frail body causing his death. Orpheus mourned his death on the banks of the river Struma (southeast of Bulgaria). to recover, desperate, Orpheus descended into the underworld of Hades god, to the “underworld”. For this purpose he entered the underworld through the cave Devil's Throat. Once there by his magical music managed to soften the hearts of Hades and this allowed him to leave with Eurícide, but on condition that Orpheus out of the underworld in front of her and not look back until the sun's rays to illuminate his departure Eurícide. Despite his anguish Orpheus made the dangerous journey out without looking back to his beloved. When both reached the surface, I Orfeo in desperation Eurícide looked back but had not yet fully come to light because one foot was still in the shadow of the way to the underworld and at that moment Eurícide vanished into thin air, And this time forever…

 

Orfeo y Eurícide tratando de salir del inframundo

Orpheus and Eurícide trying to get out of the underworld

 

Orpheus was denied a return to the underworld and devastated by sadness retreated to the Rhodope Mountains, which he avoided the loving contact with any woman. Orfeo death has multiple versions, the most widespread is that a Thracian followers of the god Dionysus (“Sabazios”) they found and being rejected by Orfeo these, furious, they stoned him and dismembered, throwing the body parts, along with its famous lyre, to the river “Evros” (Current Maritsa River in Bulgaria”). The similarity of the name of the Evros river Ebro from Bulgaria to Spain river is explained by the influence of Thracian culture in Celtic and turn it in the Iberian culture… Another version of the death of Orpheus that Orpheus was killed by lightning of Zeus, angry with Orfeo for revealing the secrets of the underworld.

 

Reality and facts.

It is difficult to determine which of all these legends about the myth of Orpheus is closer to the true story, but it is events that have occurred over three thousand years ago and are counted by various relators of History, Greeks generally, giving an interested view of history, version of winners, which it is not always the closest to reality and is now repeated by economic and political interests to suggest to the world that Greece is exclusively the cradle of European culture, issue that we put in question… But one thing is for sure: Orfeo, the son of the Thracian god Oeagrus and muse Calliope, It was a remarkable person, otherwise he would not have left such a strong imprint.

In the past, Many attempts have been made to present Orpheus and Greek origin, although the origin tracking King Oeagrus and Muse Calliope can not be clearer. For example the name itself “Orfeo” It is a Greek version of an ancient Thracian word, since in fact its original name was Orbish , in the language of the Thracian meant “young employee” O “child worker”, commonplace ago 3000 years when children were employed in housework and as servants… But Orpheus is not unique, it is known that some of the names from Greek mythology are based on names of Thracian gods, for example the famous Greek god Dionysus, It is a Greek adaptation of the name of the Thracian god named “Sabazios” O “Sabadios”…

hiking trail in Devin

Devin hiking trail in the footbridge over the river

 

Legends say the descent into the underworld of Orpheus by the Cave of the Devil's Throat was made (Devil’s Throat Cave) which it lies in the Bulgarian Rhodope Mountains , a 18 km city Devin . This cave fascinates visitors with unusual rock formations and groundwater resources. All travelers who visit enjoy an adventure in its depths, mysterious and impressive.

 

 

The cave entrance is a steep descent to which is accessed by a staircase 301 steps that resembles the Devil's Throat, for fear that infuses it down, hence its name. The cave descends down without turning anywhere. In addition Trigrad River water falls from a height 60 meters in the throat of the cave, forming the highest underground waterfall Balkan peninsula . Because the dulling of the waterfall of this cascade, the room on the edge of the waterfall is called the Hall of Thunder by its permanent rumble.

 

Bajada a la cueva de la Garganta del Diablo (301 escalones...)

Down to the cave Devil's Throat (301 steps…)

A 400 meters from the entrance of the cave, the water disappears into a deep gallery siphons 150 meters and goes to another room of the cave with a length of about 60 meters. The underground river rises to the surface and continues through the mountains parallel to the access road to the cave.

An interesting fact is that everything that is released into the river through the Devil's Throat never comes out again . There have been many attempts to trace logs, branches and other objects through the cave, but everything disappears underground without trace. Experiments have shown that paint are needed more than 90 minutes for the water to flow through the short distance from an opening other, generating speculation about a vast underground river system in the cave. In fact on one occasion divers tried to trace the river and died in the attempt, course their bodies were never found… These facts encouraged to believe in the legends say that this cave is the entrance to the underworld of Orpheus …

Devil image carved into the cave

Cave Devil's Throat is open to visitors throughout the year, but the best time to visit is in spring and summer. From May to October the water level is very high inside the cave and only can be lowered with an organized group by boats along the river.

If you want to live in person entering the adventure “underworld” as has the myth of Orpheus, Contact us and we'll take you to that mysterious place… info@senderismoeuropa.com

 

Bibliographical sources: https://sparotok.blogspot.com/2016/01/blog-post_26.html

2 comments

  1. Vladimir Petrov Reply 11 April, 2019 at 10:37 am

    Congratulations on Article! On Orfeo you can say many things. If not anywhere else on the Internet can read an article in Castilian as objective and at the same time aprofundizado about Orfeo. The most important thing is that the Thracian era and that was against the practice of rituals with human or animal sacrifice, what we call non-blood and for us Bulgarians is very important to investigate whether Tatul was definitely one of its megalithic sanctuaries and what the Bulgarian mountain that was called in the past Panguei and is climbing every morning to watch the sunrise.

    • Luis Car Reply 12 April, 2019 at 3:54 pm

      Vladimir thanks for your words and for your input. Undoubtedly the history of the Thracians is exciting and much remains to investigate and find out about the Thracian culture, which we believe is the first civilization in Europe…

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