The true story of the Goddess Aphrodite.
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In most of the articles you find about the Goddess Aphrodite they will tell you details about this famous character based on Greek mythology. However, the origin of the Goddess Aphrodite dates back many centuries., pre-Hellenistic and Greek times. The Goddess Aphrodite was originally worshiped by the population that mostly inhabited the Balkan Peninsula, that is to say the “pelasgos” o protobúlgaros, known as the Thracians, ancestors of present-day Bulgarians. Thanks to the famous geographer and historian Strabo, and other writers, we know that in ancient times, present-day Greece was inhabited by barbarians (This is how Strabo called people other than the Greeks, although they were not at all barbarian with the meaning of uneducated that we give today to that word, rather he defined them as barbarians in the sense of “different”). Strabo also tells that the Attica region belonged to the Thracians and the Peloponnese peninsula was inhabited by the Phrygians whose king was Pelops. (according to Strabo. VII 0,71).
Unveiling the truth about Greek mythology.
Aphrodite was originally a Thracian Goddess, that is to say, was originally worshiped by people who had nothing to do with the Greeks, since they had not yet established themselves in the region occupied by the Thracians as an indigenous population, of which we have evidence of its presence in the Balkans at least since the 4th millennium BC. From current genetic studies we know that today's Greeks share an important genetic heritage with the inhabitants of the North African region.. These African populations that migrated by sea to present-day Greece are the origin of the Hellenes or Proto-Greeks, that of course with the passage of time they were mixing with the indigenous population of the Balkans. Not only genetics clarifies the African origin of the Greek population, also Homer speaks in the Iliad about King Priam, King of Troy and father of Hector and Paris, claiming that Priam is a descendant of Ethiopian royalty… Note that in Homer's time the region of Ethiopia with the kingdom of Nubia, that is to say, the region currently occupied by Sudan.
After the arrival of these emigrants, these ancient Greeks assimilated the culture and deities of the local population, including Aphrodite, but also other Thracian gods like Zeus, Dionisio, Ares and more, such as the God Hermes, who according to the historian Herodotus is considered the ancestor of the Thracian noble class (Herodotus . V. 7). Since the names of the gods Apollo , Sagebrush , Hephaestus , etc. they have no explanation in greek, it is not difficult to conclude that most of the Greek gods were originally worshiped by the oldest inhabitants of the Balkans, ie by the Thracians. Referring to the origin of the Greek gods, Russian linguist Yuri Otkupshchikov (1924-2010) says without hesitation that the influence of the Thracians on ancient Greek religion is enormous, Or better “colossal”, as the linguist himself really expresses it (Otkupshchikov, 1988, pp. -61).
Aphrodite: revered by the Thracians and reviled by their enemies.
The non-Greek origin of the deity of Aphrodite also explains certain actions of the most ancient Greeks against her and that may surprise many… The author Pausanias (siglo II d.C.) write about a statue of Aphrodite, whose legs are bound with chains. The author offers an explanation, namely, that the chains were placed by King Tindareo, king of Sparta and father of Helen of Troy according to Greek mythology. These chains would symbolize the connection and fidelity of wives to their husbands. The old chronicler added that there is another version of the chains in the statue of Aphrodite totally opposite; according to those legends…, Tindareo punished the goddess with chains because he considered her guilty of the dishonor of her daughters, but Pausanias, logically more inclined to believe the Greek version, emphasized that he did not believe this version (Pause . III . 15.22). However, the legend of which Pausanias speaks coincides with what the Greek poet Stesícoro tells long before Pausanias. (6th century BC): “while making sacrifices in honor of the gods, Tindareo forgot to honor Aphrodite and so the goddess was enraged with him and as punishment made her daughters marry two and three times and abandon their husbands”, including his daughter Helena (whose infidelity sparked the Trojan War)… In revenge for this curse, Tindareo had chains placed on the statue of Aphrodite.
The chaining of Aphrodite is a manifestation of a well known ancient Greek pagan rite, which aims to weaken the morale of enemies by presenting their gods in a defenseless state. In antiquity, the enemies of the Greeks were the Thracians with whom they competed to occupy present-day Greece. The beautiful goddess Aphrodite is a Thracian deity and for this reason the proto-Greeks vilified her. It is not the only case of a chained statue in the domains of the Proto-Greeks: when describing the Laconia region, in the South of the Peloponnese, Pausanias mentions an ancient statue of Enialius (God Ares), which was very unusual in appearance: the deity was also bound in chains ( Pausanias . III . 15.7).
This Greek practice persists in later times, as we learn from the Greek historian Olympiodorus of Thebes (signal V d. C) who tells us that in the time of Emperor Constantine the Great (s. IV), when the Thrace region (actual Bulgaria) was part of the Roman Empire, its governor Valerio, was informed of the discovery of an ancient buried treasure consisting of three statues made of precious metals. The people represented in the 3 statues were “barbarians”; this could be deduced from their clothes, long hair, etc. The essential thing in this case is that the statues of the barbarians were handcuffed and oriented north, the lands formerly inhabited by barbarians (the Thracians, enemies of the greeks). Valerio went to the place to see them with his own eyes and learned from the local inhabitants that it was considered a sacred place, and that the statues had been consecrated there according to very ancient rites. Valerius reported this to Emperor Constantine, who gave you written permission to destroy them. The site was excavated and three solid silver statues were indeed found, with barbaric appearance (Thrace), with arms akimbo, dressed in barbarian clothes of various colors, with long hair, chained and turned north, as an offering to the country of the “barbarians”. Source: http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/photius_03bibliotheca.htm#80
Over the centuries the pagan gods of the Thracians, though initially vilified, They ended up being equally venerated and assimilated by the Hellenic culture that appropriated them, giving rise to the Greek mythology that we know today.
Etymology of the name “Aphrodite”.
The Bulgarian historian Veselin Beshevliev speaks in one of his books about the veneration of an ancient female-shaped statue near Thessaloniki in dates even well after the Roman occupation, specifically until the eleventh century (Beshevliev, 2008, P. 336).
At this point, it's time to wonder: Does the name Aphrodite have any meaning in Bulgarian?, Is the mysterious statue that the Thracians worshiped near Thessaloniki really the goddess of love and beauty? , Is Aphrodite's name related to the Greek word “foam – Sea foam” just as the Greeks have explained to the world and on what Greek mythology is based to tell that Aphrodite was born from the sea? , or its meaning is completely different.
The Swedish linguist Hjalmar Frisk (1900-1984) asserts that the name Ἀφροδίτη / Aphrodite is not Greek . The linguist believes he belongs to a people “pre-greek”, which name, Nevertheless, does not mention…, but he adds that the cult of this goddess probably came from the East (more precisely Asia Minor) and was later adopted by the Greeks (Fresh , 1960, c . 197). Dutch linguist Robert Stephen Paul Beekes (1937-2017) also believes that Aphrodite was not a goddess of Greek origin , mentioning that his name penetrates into the Greek language through the influence “foreign”, suggesting that the idea of a goddess of love has its origin in the Mesopotamian goddess Ashtoreth, Astarte that in ancient Mesopotamia represented the cult of mother nature, to life and fertility, as well as the exaltation of love and carnal pleasures ( Beekes , 2009, p. 179).
In any case, Frisk and Beekes agree on one thing: the cult of Aphrodite has penetrated into Greece from the lands of Asia Minor (current Turkey). This region was inhabited by the Phrygians, ancient settlers of Thracian origin, whose cults to the goddess Cibeles, his servant Atis, and the Thracian god Sabacio (https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabacio) were later accepted and practiced by the Greeks, although the Greeks changed the name of Sabacio to that of Dionysus.
In fact, not only the lands south of the Bosphorus were inhabited by the Thracians in ancient times. The same goes for the island of Cyprus, according to some legends, the birthplace of “the goddess of love”. We know this thanks to the anthropological research of Peter Boeve and Robert Charles Ulin, used by the Russian linguist Yuri Otkupshikov, who makes it clear that the ancient population of western Asia Minor (current Turkey) is represented by settlers from Macedonia and Thessaly, home of Phrygians and other Thracians. The same type of population also inhabits the island of Cyprus (Otkupshchikov, 1988, p.56).
And going back to the etymology of the name “Aphrodite” let's clarify some important facts. At an early stage of knowledge of ancient Thracian speech by their Greek neighbors, these transmitted the sound B as Ф (according to Vl. Georgiev) , the sound of Ф is equivalent to that of the Latin letter “F”. Therefore the sound Ф in the name of Aphrodite should have been originally “B”. This was due to the fact that in the distant past the Greeks did not perfectly understand the language of the Thracians and introduced the wrong etymologies. For all this the original and correct name of the goddess is Embroidered o Aberedita (Avrodita o Averedita) and not Aphrodite, similar to the Thracian personal name I open (Avro).
The particle Αβеρε- of the name of Αβеρεδιτα corresponds exactly to the Phrygian verb αββеρε which means to bring, collect, drink. Regarding the particle διτα , is a clear equivalent of the Bulgarian word (Thrace) “ditsa” what does children mean. Therefore the correct name of the goddess of love is Aberedita, and its meaning is “the one that brings children”, that is to say “the one with children”. We deduce from this that in addition to the personification of beauty and love, this deity also embodied the fertility, more precisely, having many children, which is more consistent with the time when it began to be venerated by the Thracians, millennia before Christ, when fertility was a quality much more valued than beauty.
Aphrodite and the Trojan War.
Aphrodite, or more correctly Aberedita, does not disappear from the mythology and religion of the ancient Bulgarians. With the imposition of Christianity by the Roman invasion, the function of Aberedita was assumed by the fairies or nymphs represented in the dances and rites of current Bulgarian folklore. Bulgarian archaeologist and historian Ivan Yordanov Venedikov (1916-1997) tries to connect the fairies of Thracian rituals with Greek mythology about the cause of the Trojan war: as follows:
According to the Greek mythology that we all know, at the wedding ceremony of Peleo and Tethys, the goddess of discord, Eris, threw a golden apple in the air with the inscription “for the most beautiful”. Athena, Hera and Aphrodite dispute to get the apple first, and being judge of the Paris dispute, gave it to Aphrodite, who had promised Paris the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. That woman is the wife of King Menelaus, Helena, who falls in love with Paris, who “la floors;” taking her to Troy, what causes the Trojan war.
As well, according to Ivan Yordanov Venedikov this part of Greek mythology is based on an ancient Thracian ritual, therefore it would be prior to Greek mythology, still performed in current Bulgarian folklore, in which “…the character Gruyo meets 3 fairies turned into girls who are Aphrodite, Hera and Athena, and dispute with them to reach an apple and a liquor…” (Venedikov, 1987, P. 98). The connection between this ritual and the history of the judgment of Paris is undoubted…
We hope you have read this article with an open mind to know another version of Greek mythology based on historical facts but hidden for centuries by geopolitical and economic interests.. Even today an uncomfortable truth is hidden about the true origin of European civilization, to maintain the status quo and the benefits this brings to certain countries… We hope that with articles like this, little by little come to light the truth about the origin of European civilization…
References and bibliography.
Beshevliev V., The Protobulgarians, History of life and culture, Bulgarian Historical Heritage Foundation, Plovdiv, 2008.
Georgiev Vl., The Thracians and their language , LOW, Bulgarian Language Institute, Sofia, 1977.
Otkuppschikov Yu., Dogrecheisky substrate , At the origins of European civilization, Ed. Leningrad University, Leningrad, 1988.
Beekes, R. Etymological Dictionary of Greek. With the help of L. van Beekq ed. A. Lubotsky, Brill, Leiden, 2010.
Fresh H. , Greek etymological dictionary , Carl Winter Universit ä ts Verlag , Heidelberg , 1960.
Herodotus , stories , transl . G . Rawlingson , ed . T. Griffith, Wordsworth Classics of World Literature, Herfordshire, 1996 .
Pausanias. Pausanias Description of Greece with an English translation by WHS Jones, Litt.D. and HA Ormerod, MA, in 4 volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918.
Estrabón, Geography , transl. HL Jones, ed. GP Goold, books 6-7, THE LOEB CLASSICAL LIBRARY, Harward University Press, London, 1995.
Author of the article: Luis Carro.
Article Source: linguist and historian Pavel Serafimov.