'The mineral water is life!!, Mineral water is health, mineral water is pure. We are a travel agency Bulgaria and thus we know that Bulgaria is one of the three richest areas of mineral water on planet Earth. Secondly, Iceland , but in Bulgaria every second, about 5.000 liters of water flowing from the bowels of the earth naturally. In this sense Bulgaria is a paradise, because the people, animals and plants here can feel the healing power of all types of mineral and thermal waters, which are world famous.

Keep it under your tongue for a few seconds!… The mineral water has the greatest impact on the living organism when you drink in the morning, fasting. Most beneficial if the body is taken directly from the source. It is appropriate to drink mineral water a 30 minutes before eating. Its ideal temperature at the time of ingestion is 38 ° C because it is better absorbed by the body. drink slowly, with small sips, keeping it in his mouth, if possible under the tongue, for a few seconds. There, tissue is rich in blood and is formed by a fabric having the property of “reverse reabsorption”. Therefore, water absorption becomes better and mineral substances are absorbed and fall directly into the bloodstream. This is especially true for water with a lower temperature than said.


Balsas hot springs in Rupite (Bulgaria), sprouting naturally del subsoil at 75.

The amount and type of water you need to drink to get benefits of the hot springs is a strictly personal matter. It depends on the overall body, water mineralization, physical and mental condition of each individual. The average daily amount is about 1,5 liter but can vary between 600 ml y 2,5 l, depending on the needs. Athletes can get to drink more 5 liters per day. It's good to distribute it in several doses 250 ml evenly throughout the day. Also known are called “water hammer” when you can drink at a time until 1-1.5 l, but they are not recommended and too loaded body.

As it is well known, poorly mineralized water, which it is the 70% Water in Bulgaria, It has no harmful effects on the normal human body and you can drink for a long time without problems. The regular and moderate intake naturally alkaline mineral water is the best naturally regulate the blood pH in extreme physical stresses where a large amount of lactate is released and other harmful metabolic substances.

Since ancient times the benefit of the hot springs for their healing and spiritual power has been well known in Bulgaria. Natural mineral water, such as the cities of Serdica (Sofia now), Pautalia (Kyustendil), Germany (Sapareva Banya), Augusta Trajan (Stara Zagora), center (Sandanski) They have been known and used by the ancient civilization “Thracian” They are inhabiting the territory of Bulgaria and 2000 BC . And then also used during Roman times. today Hisarya, Banya – Burgas, Sliven balneotherapy centers are of great importance.


Building former bathhouse in Sofia

Building of ancient thermal baths in Sofia.


Also in ancient Greece, the father of medicine, Hippocrates was first introduced recovery and treatment with mineral water. During the early Greek Olympics, athletes strengthened their bodies after heavy physical stresses in the natural hot springs. They combined the healing effect of turpentine oil (with covering their bodies to warm up the muscles before a race) with the healing power of mineral water.

With its invasion of the Balkan Peninsula in the I century A.D., the Romans began to build toilets near the natural mineral springs. Buildings and baths were built in honor of the gods of healing and patterns of the healing waters in Bulgaria. The Asclepion called with the name of Asclepius, the god of medicine and were covered with exquisite Roman mosaics.

There are interesting data on the use of mineral water balneotherapy during the Middle Ages, during the First and Second Bulgarian Empire. While among Western nations then, balneotherapy not practiced only, however, in Bulgaria it was already quite widespread.


Ruins of Roman baths Belchin (Bulgaria), the fourth century

On the territory of Bulgaria they are known around 200 areas with more than 520 mineral springs in total, with representatives of all known classes of mineral water. An important feature of mineral waters in Bulgaria is that the 70% of them they are poorly mineralized, that is to say. the mineral content in them is less than 1000 mg / l. Therefore, They can be drunk for a long time without posing a health risk.

The predominant part of the mineral waters in Bulgaria is thermal water (hot), with a natural temperature between 37 ° C y 100 ° C. It contains small amounts of minerals, which they are rich in biologically active microelements, which makes them very useful for drinking, when a person is healthy they are useful to protect against disease and when it comes to a patient are beneficial to assist in the healing process in the body.

Mineral waters are formed deep in the earth. The high temperature conditions are, high pressure and lack of contact with atmospheric oxygen. That's why these waters are more pronounced bioenergetic and electromagnetic properties, and higher solubility. The rapidly changing structural states of aquatic molecule are a guarantee of its biological activity and biological action on the living organism. These features make a distinctive difference between pure water and mineral water.


Pisicna thermal water in Banya (Bansko)

Pisicna natural hot water in Banya-Bansko (Bulgaria).


They are known many types of mineral water, the benefits of the hot springs are different depending on their composition, temperature, etc. Y one can waste time if you do not use the waters that are most appropriate for their ailments.

The first and easiest sign to watch is the temperature at which spring from the earth. Cold water is considered below 20 ° C, hipotermal of 21 ° C a 32 ° C, isothermal de 33 ° C a 37 ° C, Hyperthermia and above 37 ° C. Therefore, the hot springs with wide application in humans, crops and cosmetics have a constant temperature above 20 ° C when they emerge from the ground.
The source of thermal water in Bulgaria is more calientea Geyser Sapareva Banya, with their 103 degrees Celsius, It is the hottest geyser in Europe! and the only active geyser in continental Europe. In addition to healing purposes, These boils are used to heat the town of Sapareva Banya, kindergarten, the school…Hot springs in Bulgaria predominate in the south and cold in the north.



Mineral waters also differ in the active reaction (pH) – from very acid (pH inferior a 3,5), moderately acid (pH 3.5 a 5.5), with slightly acidic (pH 5.5 a 6.8) neutral (pH 6.8 a 7.2) with a slightly alkaline (pH 7,2 a 8,5), moderately alkaline (pH 8,5 a 9 , 5) or with a strong alkaline reaction (pH superior a 9.5). Most waters in Bulgaria are alkaline as the regions of Sofia, Velingrad, Hissarya, Kyustendil and other. They are suitable for consumption of healthy people and sick (see below).
The composition of the mineral waters is determined based on the content of anions and cations having. This is important: shows what minerals are rich and in which cases are useful. Every – hydrocarbonate, sulphate, chloride, sodium, potassium, football, magnesium, etc. – it has its advantages, diagnostics which is useful, and the best ways to use – external and internal.

The thermal waters are rich in various trace elements – iron, iodo, bromo, arsenic, metasilicic acid, fluorine, boro, lithium, cobalt, copper, zinc, manganese, match, strontium, bario, molybdenum and other. And curable gases are most commonly found carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and radon.

On the other hand this natural gas in the mineral water is really a gift from nature, It is carbonated water if it contains 400 mg of carbon dioxide per liter, and sometimes reaches more than 1.400 mg / l. There are springs of carbonated water in Mihalkovo (Smolyan), Stefan Karadjovo (Yambol), Iliyantsi and other. curiously, carbonated water quench thirst more water than still water because carbon dioxide stimulates the taste buds and causes salivation, reducing dry mouth and reduces the sensation of thirst.

Sulfide (hydrogen sulfide) mineral water does not form bubbles, It has anti-inflammatory action, antiallergic and detoxifier heavy metal poisoning, It stimulates nerve regeneration and maturation of stem cells. The sulfur content in mineral waters in Bulgaria is over 10 mg / l. They are in resorts such as Sofia, Sapareva Banya, Kyustendil, Voneshta Voda (Veliko Tarnovo), Vidin, Slanotran, Koshava (Vidin), Blagoevgrad, Shabla, Rusalka (Dobrich), Dalgodeltsi (Montana) and others.

Water sulfide inhalation act as anti-inflammatory respiratory tract. Also they stimulate detoxifying function of the gastrointestinal tract against the damaging effects of alcoholism. They used in gynecological diseases, of the skin, cardiovascular, metabolic, traumatic and Rheumatic. The sulphurous water is especially helpful in restoring physical stress and muscle fatigue in professional athletes.

Bulgaria is particularly rich in the third type of gaseous mineral water: radon. There is more of 25 springs in the country. The radon content in these waters is greater than 180 Bq / l. They can drink for a short time, in moderate amounts, but they not bottled because they are radioactive, and because radon decays to approximately 24 hours of Welling land and loses its properties. They are used primarily for topical use: for the treatment, prophylaxis, restoration and rejuvenation. Water sources of radon are found in Narechen – where it reaches the content is higher, Velingrad, Momin Pass, Elevators, pavel Banya, Strelcha, Klissura, Dolna Banya, Banya (Blagoevgrad), Pchelin and other.

Many legends speak about the sources of mineral water in Bulgaria. For example the sad story of the origin of the source of Momina Tresa in Hisarya still counts today. This beautiful Bulgarian woman refused to become a concubine of an invading Turkish king. to humiliate, the king made bare serve guests. The maid did, but when I stood in front of him, He dropped the heavy tray of sweets on his head and killed him. Then the Ottomans burned at the stake. When the flames wrapped, two tears welled up in her eyes, and a source of mineral water came it. Now these tears treat thousands of people. Hisarya is famous for its mineral water, which it is particularly suitable for the treatment of kidney. In fact here there is the strangest museum in Bulgaria: exposure of kidney stones where they show 12.000 parts removed during and after treatments in balneotherapy complex Hisarya, The biggest piece weighs 560 grams!. The water is hydrocarbon Hisarya. Slightly mineralized water hydrocarbons is very useful for drinking, while highly mineralized is ideal for outdoor applications in swimming pools and bathtubs.


Thermal spring fountain in a public park Hisaria


There are also water hydrocarbon in Sofia, Pancharevo, Iliyantsi, Marble, the Birimirc, Chepintsi, Novi Iskar – Kurilo, Trebic, Gniliane, Al. Vojkov, Merichleri, Mihalkovo (Smolyan), General Todorov (Blagoevgrad), Pernik (Whitewater), Big Fucha (Kyustendil) and others. Very often combined with anions sodium, football, magnesium sulfate. Particularly suitable for rehabilitation through drinking, swim, kinesiterapia underwater spa therapy and other procedures for professional athletes and people engaged in intense physical or mental work. Restore the balance of alkaline acid in the body, lactate and eliminate harmful metabolites in blood, especially after physical load.

Widespread in Bulgaria salty chlorinated water are also (mineral waters sodium). They may be mixed with other cations and anions: cloromagnesio, chlorate and the like. These waters improve the work of bile, anti-inflammatory stomach, the intestines, the respiratory tract (with expectorant), and other organs and systems. Stimulates the blood supply to the skin, muscles and joints, son antialérgicos. They are also used in neurological diseases, gynecological, cardiovascular and locomotor. Water with chloride are ideal for healthy people for hardening and strengthening the body and generally for better convalescence. More of 25 these are mineral springs resort hotels, the most famous are in Staro Oryahovo Novo and, Mirovo, Shkorpilovtsi, Slanotran, Vidin, Koshava (Vidin), Pleven (Kaylaka), sheep Mound (Tarnovo), Dalgodeltsi (Montana).

In Bulgaria there are over 20 springs with suitable mineral waters for drinking sulfate and irrigation applications. These have a debilitating effect. Increase gastrointestinal activity, improve processes bile and pancreatic juice secretion and enzymes. Its laxative effect, cleanser and detoxifier is valuable. They are useful in people who are subjected to severe physical stress by helping metabolic processes in the body. You can find these benefits in Ovcha Kupel (Sofia), Merichleri, Breznik, Iliantsi, sheep mound, Gorno Uyno (Kyustendil), Harmanli, Polski Trambesh Shipkov (de Lovech), serious (Veliko Tarnovo), Gornik (Pleven), Marash (Shumen) and others.

Now a question. Water can be hard and soft but remember what determines this?…The more calcium and magnesium containing this natural liquid, harder is said to be the water. In this way “dura” It might not be the best friend of the washer, but when the presence of ions in it is below 1 gram per liter is essential to human health!!!.

Calcium mineral waters involved in structuring of bones and teeth. A little known fact is that the best way to get the calcium you need is drinking this mineral water. These waters with calcium calcium is absorbed to the body better than if you eat cheese, yogurt or fresh milk. Rich in calcium are the waters of Pancharevo, Breznik, Slavyanovo (Pleven), Marash, Ovcha mogila, Polish Trambesh s Shipkov. They are used for drinking, and inhaling outdoor (bathrooms, pools…). Surplus extracted tissue fluid, act against spasm, They have anti-inflammatory action, expectorant and antiallergic. It reduces gastric secretion and intestinal peristalsis. Calcium waters are widely used in patients with gout, chronic poisoning with lead, rickets, osteoporosis.


beneficios de las aguas termales

Spa en Zlatograd (Bulgaria).


The magnesian waters do not renounce their merits, They found in populations of Pancharevo Balgarene Pelova (Pleven) Deventsi Kurshun (Lovech), Unity and Resen, Breznik, Pomorie, Dlagnevo (Stara Zagora), Gorni Lom y Chukovets (Silistra). Magnesium is involved in more than 300 enzymatic reactions in the body. These waters reduce cholesterol levels, prevent kidney stones and have anti-toxic effects of heavy metals. Recommended for active athletes to improve muscle function and prevent cramps and stiffness.

Bulgaria is rich in springs acrotérmicos, there is more of 60. These springs are characterized by having a temperature above twenty degrees Celsius and a low content of dissolved minerals. They are warm or lukewarm water. Can be found in Gorna Banya warm, Sofia, Hisar, Pancherevo, Velingrad, Belchin baño Marikostinovo, Sandanski, Bath – Pazardzhik and other. Tibias en Bankya Banya – Plovdiv, Varshets, Knyajevo and other. These slightly mineralized waters have a wide range of prophylactic and curative. general body improvement, increase the defenses, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anti-toxic, improve blood circulation. Recommended for the treatment of neurological disorders, gynecological, renal, cardiovascular, endocrine, metabolic, gout and musculoskeletal diseases. They are especially suitable for mass prophylaxis, and the combination of drinking with exercise in a pool with such water is extremely useful.


Health for mind and body: walk over the river in Devin, balneotherapy center of Southern Bulgaria


Nature has generously given water to Bulgaria, flowing from the depths, and valuable Biologically active microelements, as iodine, bromo, arsenic, iron, silicon, fluoride and other trace elements such as copper, cobalt, zinc. We talk about them below.

in Bulgaria, water are iodine as iodide, which is well absorbed by the tissue it passes through the skin, mucous membranes and has high membrane permeability. Improves peripheral circulation, lowers blood pressure and cholesterol levels, It has an anti-sclerotic effect. and iodine ion has a warming effect on the skin, It helps with blood circulation. Iodine water you can drink, It is also useful for baths and inhalations, also irrigations (dental and gynecological). Water iodine most frequently used in neurology, musculoskeletal, gynecological, Pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. iodine waters are in Shkorpilovtsi, Old and New Oryahovo (Varna), Dalgodeltsi (Montana), Shabla and other.
There is water in Dolno Uyno iron and Breznik. They are easily absorbed through the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. The body absorbs iron ore better water medication and dietary supplements. Water iron is mainly applied for drinking. They are important for hemoglobin, the breathing, anemia. They are suitable for athletes and people doing mental work.

There are lots of mineral springs silicon: more of 90! This allows them to be widely used both curative and prophylactic manner, primarily externally. The most famous are those of Sandanski, Ognyanovo, Pchelin, Velingrad, Marble, Devin, Strawberry. Silicon waters are suitable against chronic heavy metal poisoning, in gastrointestinal diseases, hepatobiliary and skin, gingivitis, dental caries and atherosclerosis.


Luxury Spa Velingrad (Bulgaria), famous for its thermal water resources.


Mineral sources of fluoride in Bulgaria exceed 120. The find in Ovoshtnik (Stara Zagora), Sandanski, Hisaria, Straldzha, Pchelin, Gradeshnitsa and other. Involved in the exchange of phosphates and especially in tissue bonding calcium phosphate. Affect the construction and growth of teeth, bones and nails. Recommended after bone fractures. Fluorine stabilizes the urine and acts against the formation of stones in the body.

As we know, the balneotherapy balneoprofilaxis and can be applied externally and internally. Important for the therapeutic impact is the change of ionized mineral ingredients (if not ions, simply can not pass through the skin) water and medical gases through healthy skin, undamaged. Minerals from the thermal water penetrate the skin and into the bloodstream. Through the blood they are transported and have a general effect throughout the body and selectively in organs and systems for which are intended.

Balneotherapy and benefits of the hot springs have a very strong impact on the sexual instinct in all living things.

And do not forget: to maximize the benefit of the hot springs in the body, balneological procedures should be made after consulting a specialist. Specialized hospital for physiotherapy and rehabilitation are in Sofia, Velingrad, Called, pavel Banya, Momin Pass, Sandanski, Pomorie, Hisaria, Kyustendil, Ovcha Kupel, Banya – Karlovo, Banya – Smolyan y Varshetz.

Author: Dr. Georgi Maximov. The doctor. Georgi Maximov was born in 1984 Sofia. He studied at the University Pierre et Marie Curie – Paris, and the University of Medicine – Sofia. In 2010 he graduated Master of Medicine. As a student has won four international scientific awards in medicine, the most prestigious of which is the Khalifa Award World Congress for medical students and young doctors in Cairo, Egypt, in 2006. In 2011 He was a finalist in the national contest ” FameLab Laboratory of Fame, organized by the British Council in Sofia and Democritus Forum. He is currently a Doctor in Neurology in the Department of Neurology at the University of Medicine – Sofia.

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