Bulgaria hot springs.

Current situation.

Mineral water is life!!, mineral water is health, mineral water is purity… at we are specialized in trips to Bulgaria, We know the country personally and therefore we know that Bulgaria is one of the richest mineral water territories on planet Earth.. Within Europe, Bulgaria ranks third in mineral water resources after Iceland, but in Bulgaria mineral waters are more accessible. In Bulgaria every second, about 5.000 liters of water spring from the bowels of the earth naturally. In this sense, Bulgaria is a true paradise, because the people, animals and plants here can feel the healing power of all kinds of hot springs and minerals , who are world famous.

How to drink it?.

Hold it under your tongue for a few seconds!… Mineral water has the greatest impact on the living organism when it is drunk in the morning, fasting. The most beneficial for the body is if it is taken directly from the spring. It is appropriate to drink mineral water a few 30 minutes before eating. Its ideal temperature at the time of ingestion is 38 ° C because it is better absorbed by the body. Drink slowly, with small sips, keeping it in his mouth, if possible under the tongue, for a few seconds. There, the tissue is rich in blood and consists of a tissue that has the property of “reverse reabsorption”. Thus, water absorption becomes better and mineral substances are absorbed and fall directly into the bloodstream. This is especially true for waters with a temperature lower than mentioned..


Hot Springs , Which are the best for your health?

Hot springs rafts in Rupite (Bulgaria), sprouting naturally from the underground to 75 ºC !!!.

The amount and type of water you need to drink to benefit from the hot springs is strictly a personal matter.. It depends on the general state of the body, mineralization of water, the physical and mental condition of each individual. The average daily amount is approximately 1,5 liters but can vary between 600 ml y 2,5 liters, depending on the needs. Athletes may drink more than 5 liters per day. It is good to distribute it in several doses of 250 ml evenly throughout the day. The so-called “water hits” when one can drink at the same time until 1-1.5 l, but they are not recommended and they load the body too much.

As it is well known, poorly mineralized water, what is he 70% of water in Bulgaria, It has no harmful effect on the normal human body and can be drunk for a long time without problem. Regular and moderate intake of naturally alkaline mineral water is the best natural way to regulate the pH of the blood in extreme physical exertions where a large amount of lactate and other harmful metabolic substances are released.

History of balneotherapy in Bulgaria.

Since ancient times the benefit of hot springs in terms of their healing and spiritual power has been well known in Bulgaria.. Natural mineral springs, like those of the cities of Serdica (Sofia now), Pautalia (Kyustendil), Germanea (Sapareva Banya), Augusta Trajana (Stara Zagora), center (Sandanski) have been known and used by the civilization of the ancients “Thracians” who inhabited the territory of Bulgaria already 2000 years before Christ . And later also used during the Roman domination. Hoy Hisarya, Banya – Burgas, Sliven are centers of balneotherapy of great importance.


Old bathhouse building in Sofia

Building of the old thermal baths in Sofia.


Also in ancient Greece, the father of medicine, Hippocrates was the first to introduce mineral water recovery and treatment. During the first Greek Olympic Games, athletes strengthened their bodies after strong physical stresses in natural hot springs. They combined the healing effect of turpentine oil (with which they covered their bodies to warm up the muscles before a race) with the healing power of mineral water.

With their invasion of the Balkan Peninsula in the 1st century AD, the Romans began to build baths near natural mineral springs. Buildings and hot springs were built in honor of the gods of healing and the patrons of healing waters in Bulgaria. They called them Asclepion with the name of Asclepius, the god of medicine and were covered with exquisite Roman mosaics.

There are interesting facts about the use of mineral water in balneotherapy during the Middle Ages, during the First and Second Bulgarian Empires. While among the western nations of then, balneotherapy was hardly practiced, however in Bulgaria it was already quite widespread.


Hot Springs , Which are the best for your health?

Ruins of the Roman Baths of Belchin (Bulgaria), 4th century

Types of materials.

On the territory of Bulgaria around 200 areas with more than 520 mineral springs in total, with representatives of all known classes of mineral water. An important characteristic of the mineral waters of Bulgaria is that the 70% of them are poorly mineralized, that is to say. the mineral content in them is less than 1000 mg / l. Thus, can be drunk for a long time without posing a health risk.

The predominant part of the mineral waters in Bulgaria is thermal water (hot), with a natural temperature between 37 ° C y 100 ° C. Contains small amounts of minerals, which are rich in biologically active microelements, which makes them very useful to drink, when a person is healthy they are useful to protect against diseases and when it comes to a patient they are beneficial to help in the healing process in the body.

Mineral hot springs form deep in the earth. The necessary conditions are high temperature, high pressure and lack of contact with atmospheric oxygen. That is why these waters have more pronounced bioenergetic and electromagnetic properties., and higher solubility. The rapidly changing structural states of the aquatic molecule are a guarantee of its great biological activity and biological action on the living organism.. These characteristics make a distinctive difference between mineral water and pure water..


Hot spring pool in Banya (Bansko)

Natural hot spring pool in Banya-Bansko (Bulgaria).


Many types of mineral water are known, the benefits of hot springs are different depending on their composition, temperature, etc. and one can waste time if he does not use the waters that are most appropriate for his ailments.

The first and easiest sign to contemplate is the temperature at which they sprout from the ground. Water is considered cold below 20 ° C, hypothermal of 21 ° C a 32 ° C, isotherm de 33 ° C a 37 ° C, and hyperthermal above 37 ° C. Thus, hot springs with wide application in humans, crops and cosmetics have a constant temperature above 20 ° C when emerging from the ground.
The hottest thermal spring in Bulgaria is the Sapareva Banya Geyser, with their 103 degrees Celsius, It is the hottest geyser in Europe!! and the only active geyser within continental Europe. Besides for curative purposes, These boiling hot springs are used to heat the municipality of Sapareva Banya, kindergarten, the school…Hot springs in Bulgaria predominate in the south and cold ones in the north.


Sapareva Banya

Natural thermal water geyser in Sapareva Banya (Bulgaria)


Mineral composition of Bulgarian hot springs.

Mineral waters also differ in active reaction (pH) – since very acid (pH inferior a 3,5), with moderate acid (pH 3.5 a 5.5), with slightly acid (pH of 5.5 a 6.8) to neutral (pH 6.8 a 7.2) with a slightly alkaline (pH 7,2 a 8,5), moderately alkaline (pH of 8,5 a 9 , 5) or with strong alkaline reaction (pH superior a 9.5). Most of the waters in Bulgaria are alkaline like those in the Sofia regions, Velingrad, Hissarya, Kyustendil and others. They are suitable for the consumption of healthy and sick people (see below).
The composition of mineral waters is determined based on the content of the anions and cations they have. This is important: shows which minerals are rich and in which cases they are useful. Every – hydrocarbonate, sulfate, chloride, sodium, potassium, football, magnesium, etc. – it has its advantages, diagnoses where it is useful, and the best ways to use – external and internal.

The thermal waters are also rich in various trace elements – iron, iodine, bromo, arsenic, metasilicic acid, fluorine, boro, lithium, cobalt, copper, zinc, manganese, match, strontium, bario, molybdenum and others. And the most commonly encountered curable gases are carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and radon.

On the other hand, the natural gas present in mineral water is really a gift of nature., is carbonated water if it contains more than 400 mg of carbon dioxide per liter, and some cases reach more than 1.400 mg / l. There are springs of carbonated water in Mihalkovo (Smolyan), Stefan Karadjovo (Yambol), Iliyantsi and others. curiously, carbonated waters quench the thirst for water more than still waters because carbon dioxide stimulates the taste buds and causes salivation, which reduces dry mouth and reduces the feeling of thirst.

Sulfur (hydrogen sulfide) of mineral water does not form bubbles, has anti-inflammatory action, antiallergic and detoxifying in heavy metal poisoning, stimulates the regeneration of nerves and the maturation of stem cells. The sulfide content in the mineral waters of Bulgaria is higher than 10 mg / l. Found in resorts like Sofia, Sapareva Banya, Kyustendil, Voneshta Voda (Veliko Tarnovo), Vidin, Slanotran, Koshava (Vidin), Blagoevgrad, Shabla, Mermaid (Dobrich), Dalgodeltsi (Montana) and others.

Sulfur waters for inhalation act as anti-inflammatory in the respiratory tract. They also stimulate the detoxifying function of the gastrointestinal tract against the harmful effects of alcoholism. They are used in gynecological diseases, of the skin, cardiovascular, metabolic, traumatic and rheumatic. Sulfurized water is especially useful for restoring physical stress and muscle fatigue in professional athletes.

Bulgaria is particularly rich in the third type of carbonated mineral water: radon. There is more of 25 springs in the country. The radon content in these waters is greater than 180 Bq / l. They can be drunk for a short time, in moderate quantities, but they are not bottled because they are radioactive, and because radon breaks down at approximately 24 hours of springing from the ground and losing its properties. They are used primarily for topical use: for the treatment, prophylaxis, restoration and rejuvenation. Radon water sources are located in Narechen – where the content is reached is higher, Velingrad, Momin pass, Lifts, Pavel Banya, Strelcha, Cleavage, Dolna Banya, Banya (Blagoevgrad), Pchelin and others.

Legends about mineral water sources.

Many legends speak about the mineral water sources in Bulgaria. For example the sad story of the origin of the source of Momina Tresa in Hisarya is still told today.. This beautiful Bulgarian woman refused to become a concubine of an invading Turkish king. To humiliate her, the king made her serve the guests naked. The maiden did, but when she stood in front of him, dropped the heavy tray of candy on his head and killed him. So the Ottomans burned her at the stake. When the flames engulfed her, two tears welled up in her eyes, and a spring of mineral water gushed out of it. Now these tears treat thousands of people. Hisarya is famous for its mineral water, which is particularly suitable for treating the kidneys. In fact here exists the strangest museum in Bulgaria: Exposure of kidney stones where shown 12.000 pieces extracted during and after treatments at the Hisarya balneotherapy complex, The largest piece weighs 560 grams!. Hisarya's water is made of hydrocarbons. Slightly mineralized hydrocarbon water is very useful to drink, while highly mineralized it is ideal for outdoor applications in swimming pools and bathtubs.


aguas termales

Thermal spring fountain for public use in a public park in the city of Hisaria


There are also hydrocarbon waters in Sofia, Pancharevo, Iliyantsi, Marble, Birimirci, Chepintsi, Novi Iskar – Kurilo, Trebic, Gniliane, Al. Vojkov, Merichleri, Mihalkovo (Smolyan), General Todorov (Blagoevgrad), Trinkets (Whitewater), Big Fucha (Kyustendil) and others. Very often they are combined with sodium anions, football, magnesium and sulfate. Particularly suitable for rehabilitation through drinking, to swim, Underwater kinesitherapy and other balneotherapy procedures for professional athletes and people engaged in intense physical or mental work. Restore the acid alkaline balance in the body, remove lactate and harmful metabolites from the blood, especially after heavy physical load.

Salty mineral waters.

Salty chlorinated waters are also widespread in Bulgaria (sodium mineral waters). They can be mixed with other cations and anions: cloromagnesio, chlorate and the like. These waters improve the work of the bile, anti-inflammatory of the stomach, the intestines, the respiratory tract (with expectorant effect), and other organs and systems. They stimulate the blood supply to the skin, muscles and joints, son antialérgicos. They are also used in neurological diseases, gynecological, cardiovascular and locomotor system. Chlorinated waters are ideal for healthy people for the general hardening and strengthening of the body and for a better convalescence. More of 25 of these mineral sources are found in resort hotels, the most famous are in Novo and Staro Oryahovo, Mirovo, Shkorpilovtsi, Slanotran, Vidin, Koshava (Vidin), Pleven (Kaylaka), Mound Sheep (Tarnovo), Dalgodeltsi (Montana).

In Bulgaria there are also more than 20 springs with sulfate mineral waters suitable for drinking and with irrigation applications. These have a debilitating effect. Increase gastrointestinal activity, improve biliary processes and the secretion of pancreatic juice and enzymes. Its laxative effect, cleanser and detoxifier is valuable. They are useful in people who are under severe physical stress by helping metabolic processes in the body. You can find these benefits at Ovcha Kupel (Sofia), Merichleri, Breznik, Iliantsi, Mound sheep, Gorno uyno (Kyustendil), Harmanli, Polski Trambesh Shipkov (de Lovech), Resen (Veliko Tarnovo), Gornik (Pleven), Marash (Shumen) and others.

Now a question. Water can be hard and soft but do you remember what determines this?…The more calcium and magnesium this natural liquid contains, the harder it is said to be the water. In this way “dura” might not be the best friend of the washing machine, but when the presence of ions in it is less than 1 gram per liter is essential for human health!!!.

Calcium mineral waters participate in the structuring of bones and teeth. A little known fact is that the best way to get the calcium we need is by drinking this mineral water. From these waters with calcium, calcium is absorbed for the body better than if you ate cheese, yogurt or fresh milk. Rich in calcium are the waters of Pancharevo, Breznik, Slavyanovo (Pleven), Marash, Sheep grave, Polish Trambesh y Shipkov. They are used to drink, inhale and open air (toilets, swimming pools…). Extract excess fluids from tissues, act against spasm, have anti-inflammatory action, expectorant and antiallergic. Reduces gastric secretion and intestinal peristalsis. Calcium waters are widely used in gout patients, chronic lead poisoning, rickets, osteoporosis.


beneficios de las aguas termales

Spa in Zlatograd (on from Bulgaria).


Magnesian waters do not renounce their merits, found in the towns of Pancharevo Balgarene Pelova (Pleven) Deventsi Kurshun (Lovech), Unity and Resen, Breznik, Pomorie, Dlagnevo (Stara Zagora), Gorni Lom and Chukovets (Silistra). Magnesium is involved in more than 300 enzymatic reactions in the body. These waters reduce cholesterol levels, prevent kidney stones and have antitoxic effects from heavy metals. Recommended for active athletes to improve muscle function and prevent cramps and stiffness.


Acrothermal springs of Bulgaria.

Bulgaria is very rich in acrothermal springs, there is more of 60. These springs are characterized by having a temperature of more than twenty degrees Celsius and a low content of dissolved mineral substances. They are warm or warm waters. They can be found warm in Gorna Banya, Sofia, Hisar, Pancherevo, Velingrad, Belchin bath Marikostinovo, Sandanski, Bath – Pazardzhik and others. Tibias in Bankya Banya – Plovdiv, Varshets, Knyajevo and others. These slightly mineralized waters have a wide range of prophylactic and healing effects. General body improvement, increase defenses, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anti-toxic, improve blood circulation. They are recommended for the treatment of neurological disorders, gynecological, renal, cardiovascular, endocrine, metabolic, gout and musculoskeletal diseases. They are especially suitable for massive prophylaxis, and the combination of drinking with exercise in a pool with such water is extremely useful.


Hot Springs , Which are the best for your health?

Health for mind and body: hike over the river in Devin, Southern Bulgaria Balneotherapy Center


Springs with waters rich in microelements.

Nature has generously given water to Bulgaria, flowing from the depths, and with valuable biologically active microelements, as iodine, bromo, arsenic, iron, silicon, fluorine and other trace elements such as copper, cobalt, zinc. We talk about them below.

In bulgaria, iodine waters are in the form of iodide, that is well absorbed by the tissue passes through the skin, mucous membranes and has a high membrane permeability. Improves peripheral circulation, lowers blood pressure and cholesterol levels, has an anti-sclerotic effect. and the iodine ion has a warming effect on the skin, It helps with blood circulation. Iodine water can be drunk, it is also useful for bathing and inhalation, also irrigations (dental and gynecological). Iodine water is used more frequently in neurology, musculoskeletal, gynecological, pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. Iodine waters found in Shkorpilovtsi, Old and New Oryahovo (Varna), Dalgodeltsi (Montana), Shabla and others.
There is iron water in Dolno Uyno and Breznik. They are easily absorbed by the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. Iron is better absorbed by the body from mineral water than from medication and food supplements. Iron water is mainly applied by drinking. They are important for hemoglobin, the breathing, anemia. They are suitable for athletes and people who do mental work.

There are lots of silicon mineral springs: more of 90! This allows them to be widely used both curatively and prophylactically., mainly externally. The most famous are those of Sandanski, Ognyanovo, Pchelin, Velingrad, Marble, Devin, Strawberry. Silicon waters are suitable against chronic poisoning with heavy metals, in gastrointestinal diseases, hepatobiliary and skin, gingivitis, tooth decay and atherosclerosis.


aguas termales

Luxury spa in Velingrad (Bulgaria), city ​​famous for its hot spring resources.


The mineral sources of fluorine in Bulgaria exceed 120. We will find them in Ovoshtnik (Stara Zagora), Sandanski, Hisaria, Straldzha, Pchelin, Gradeshnitsa and others. They participate in the exchange of phosphates and especially in the binding of tissues with calcium phosphate. Affect the construction and growth of teeth, bones and nails. Recommended after bone fractures. Fluoride stabilizes urine and acts against the formation of stones in the body.


As we know, balneoprophylaxis and balneotherapy can be applied externally and internally. Important for the therapeutic impact is the ionized mineral ingredient change (if they are not ions, they just can't pass through the skin) and medical gases from water through healthy skin, not damaged. The mineral substances of the thermal water penetrate the skin and the bloodstream. They are transported through the blood and have a general effect throughout the body and selectively on the organs and systems for which they are intended..

Balneotherapy and the benefits of thermal waters have a very strong impact on the sexual instinct in all living beings.

And let's not forget: to maximize the benefit of hot springs on the body, balneological procedures should be done after consulting a specialist. Specialized Hospitals for physiotherapy and rehabilitation are located in Sofia, Velingrad, Called, Pavel Banya, Momin pass, Sandanski, Pomorie, Hisaria, Kyustendil, Ovcha Kupel, Banya – Karlovo, Banya – Smolyan y Varshetz.

Author: Dr. Georgi Maximov. The doctor. Georgi Maximov was born in 1984 in sofia. He studied at the Pierre et Marie Curie University – Paris, and at the University of Medicine – Sofia. In 2010 graduated from Master of Medicine. As a student he has won four international scientific awards in medicine, the most prestigious of which is the World Congress Khalifa award for medical students and young doctors in Cairo, Egypt, in 2006. In 2011 was a finalist in the national contest ” FameLab Laboratory of Fame, organized by the British Council in Sofia and the Forum of Democritus. He is currently a Doctor of Neurology in the Department of Neurology of the University of Medicine – Sofia.

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