In Europe they are declared over 400 Heritage places Unesco and among them include 10 which they are within the territory of Bulgaria. From them 7 They belong to the category of Cultural Heritage and 3 Natural Heritage remaining. This is the complete list of 10 World Heritage Sites by Unesco in Bulgaria and below we will discuss one by one if you are interested in traveling to Bulgaria and include some of them in your Bulgaria travel circuit:
Cultural – The Madara Horseman.
Cultural – Boyana church in Sofia.
Cultural – Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo.
Cultural – Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak.
Natural – Srebarna Nature Reserve.
Cultural – Old Town of Nesebar.
Cultural – Orthodox Monastery of Rila.
Natural – Pirin National Park.
Cultural – Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari.
Natural – primary beech forests of Bulgaria (along with other regions of Europe).
This list of World Heritage Sites by Unesco in Bulgaria is sorted according to the year in which they were declared a World Heritage Site, older to more modern, but we're going to give the list sorted by interest (since this is a site focused on tourism). In our humble way to see the list of World Heritage Sites by Unesco in Bulgaria should follow the following order when priorities have to visit these places:
1) Pirin National Park. Pirin National Park is best known for the 70 glacial lakes and alpine landscape, but also it can be seen a variety of wild animals such as wolves, Bears, owls, Woodpeckers, etc. For many travelers it is the most majestic Pirin mountain and at the same time feared. It is the second highest mountain in Bulgaria thanks to its peak Vihren (2.914 m) and the third highest mountain in the Balkan Peninsula: Mount Olympus in Greece is the second, and the highest peak is Musala 2.925 meters in the Rila Mountain, Also in Bulgaria. More extensive information here: Pirin National Park.
2) Orthodox Monastery of Rila. Apart from the religious component, he Rila Monastery It is one of the symbols of the country because of its importance in the history of Bulgaria; is the largest in Bulgaria and also features a unique architecture and rich decoration of its exterior and interior, only in Europe, only the latter you should not miss it. In fact it is the most visited place in Bulgaria.
3) primary beech forests of Bulgaria. Share this denomination within Unesco together with other European countries, Spain has also included in this group several listed as World Heritage of Unesco forests. What distinguishes the Bulgarian primary forests of primary forests from other European countries is its large size, since in this group, Bulgarian is the largest beech forest surface 28.552 hectares. Specifically these forests, within the Bulgarian territory, They are in the Central Balkan National Park.
4) Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak. The tomb belongs to the type of vaulted graves and covered by a mound of earth that is typical Thracian burial architecture from the end of V century to the early third century A.C.. The monument owes its fame to the hall impressive frescoes and vaulted chamber: one of the best preserved ancient works of art mural early Hellenistic world and that gives an idea of the prosperity and development of this advanced civilization, Bulgarian ancestors of current and influenced other cultures and peoples of Europe.
5) Old Town of Nesebar. Nesebar is one of the oldest cities in Europe, fOUNDED 3.200 years. Currently the old town is a warren of pedestrian streets amid the quaint old village style houses and churches of Byzantine style. It is one of the most visited by tourists in the country and very lively restaurants and souvenir shops places. The old town is surrounded by the Black Sea and is joined to the mainland by a narrow road that connects it with the most modern part of Nesebar where shops are located, hotels and two good beaches.
6) Srebarna Nature Reserve. Srebarna Reserve is located 2 km south of the Danube river and 16 km west of the city of Silistra, and extends over an area of 600 hectares. It includes Srebarna Lake and its surrounding areas. Its importance is due, on the one hand, their situation on the route of the migratory birds between Europe and Africa, call ” Via Pontica “, Y, on the other hand, with the unique and diverse species of waterfowl that account. Some of the most remarkable species that can be seen in the lake of Srebarna are the Dalmatian Pelican (Pelican, curly), with the largest colony of Europe up 200 copies, the boy goose (Anser erythropus), waterfowl (Anatidae), the mustachioed (Panurus biarmicus), White Heron (Ardea alba) and white swan (Cygnus olor), Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus) and others. Because species of rare birds and endangered species that can be found here, Srebarna was included in the list of places Heritage Site by UNESCO in Bulgaria .
7) Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari. This tomb of the third century A.C.. It is the example of the architectural style summit applied by the Thracians in the construction of religious buildings. The architectural decoration of the tomb is unique, with its frescoes and its ten polícromas caryatids, half women and half floors. These ten female figures carved in relief on the rock of the main chamber, like the pictorial decoration of the vault, are the only artistic examples of this style have been found so far in what was the former territory occupied by the Thracians and now Bulgaria.
8) The Madara Horseman. The Madara Horseman is carved into a majestic rock 23 meters high, It is a copy of the early medieval Bulgarian art. The relief depicts a horseman scale 1:1 with a spear in hand. Intuits under the horse and a lion lying behind the rider, like running after him, He is the figure of his hunting dog. According to the legend, a king was he hunting on the plateau but rocks fell and died. Their families, in his honor, asking an artist to carve his image on the rock. Historians associate the image of the Madara Horseman with some of the ancient Bulgarian kings: Khan Krum (He ruled from 803 Y 814), Tervel (He ruled from 701-718), Asparuj (681 – 701) and even with the god Tangra (former supreme deity of the Bulgarians). This rocky terrain is unique in Europe and is therefore listed by UNESCO as a monument of world importance.
9) Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo. The cave orthodox monastery "St. Archangel Michael" is located 22 km from the city of Ruse (Ruse is on the banks of the Danube River), and the nearest town is to Ivanovo, which takes its common name, Although the monastery is out of town and within the territory of Natural Park "Rusenski Lom". The monastery was founded in the early thirteenth century. The monastery was established as a spiritual center and training. For instance, the inscriptions on the walls of the cells provide information about important historical events. The complex includes six temples where frescoes showing the style of the Bulgarian religious pictorial art of the thirteenth and fourteenth century preserved. For instance, the frescoes of her Church "Holy Virgin" are world famous among fans of Ancient Art. These frescoes are among the most prominent examples of the art of the Balkan Peninsula. Its high artistic value is the reason that the complex of churches were included in the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in Bulgaria .
10 ) Boyana church in Sofia. It is in a suburb of the capital. Sofia. It was built in three stages: first stage in the eleventh century, second stage in the mid thirteenth century and third stage during the middle of the nineteenth century. Boyana Church owes its world fame mainly to the wall paintings of the year 1.259, reflecting the outstanding achievements of medieval Bulgarian culture. The images recreated in this Church (240 nothing less) They are characterized by their pictorial value and be unique historical documents. The portraits of the patrons of the Church, the Sevastokrator (It means overlord) Kaloyan and his wife Desislava, and Bulgarian Tsar Constantine Asen Tij (who ruled between 1257 Y 1277) and Tsarina Irina, They are one of the oldest portraits of the world preserved these historical figures.
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